Also, since the trades have not been executed, the results may have under-or-over compensated for the impact, if any, of certain market factors, such as lack of liquidity. Simulated trading programs in general are also subject to the fact that they are designed with the benefit of hindsight. No representation is being made that any account will or is likely to achieve profit or losses similar to those shown. In other words, the red candle was engulfed by a large bullish candle, leading to a new upward trend.


The example below outlines why every engulfing pattern needs to be analyzed in the broader market context. As per the textbook rules, we first need to wait for the second candle of this price formation to close. A close below the low of the first candle shows a stronger bearish signal. The chart above shows the 50% retracement level, which was found by dragging the Fibonacci tool from the engulfing bar’s low to the bar’s high. So as soon as NZDJPY closed the day back above this key level, it began acting as new support.


We have a clear signal to enter the market when to price breaks below the low of the bullish engulfing pattern. Normally, traders would buy at the break of the high so we’re doing the exact opposite. Notice how the body of the engulfing candle doesn’t cover the previous one. A bearish engulfing candle occurs when the real body of a down candle completely envelops the real body of the prior up candle. A bullish engulfing candle occurs when the real body of an up candle completely envelops the real body of the prior down candle.

Once you are ready, enter the real market and trade to succeed. I accept FBS Agreement conditions and Privacy policy and accept all risks inherent with trading operations on the world financial markets. You need to close the short position when the RSI indicator crosses the 30 level to the downside. You must close the short position when the RSI indicator crosses the 70 level to the upside.

I. Trading Strategy

The first candlestick shows that the bears were in charge of the market. For a perfect engulfing candle, no part of the first candle can exceed the wick of the second candle. This means that the high and low of the second candle covers the entirety of the first one. When used correctly, the engulfing candle can help traders make more informed decisions about their trades and potentially improve their results. Second, you want to see a strong price rejection at these levels.

TheXAUUSD chart below shows the distribution of key support and resistance levels. A close above the high of the bullish candlestick confirms the pattern. Exit is based on fixed percentage based stoploss and target. The backtest has been carried out in a period when the market was overall in a very bearish trend.

Profit targets are orders that reside above or below a trade’s entry price. Upon the second bullish engulfing candle of the pattern forming and market entry defined, a profit target may be set. Confirmation is a term used to describe the price action that confirms a defined candlestick chart pattern. In the case of the bullish engulfing pattern, it is a positive move in price that follows the large positive candle.


If we see this type of price behavior we’re almost sure we have got a good trade. Using strict risk management rules, we can hide our stop loss above the high of the second candle. Usually, the engulfing pattern can boost attractive risk-reward ratios so you can capture profits at least 3 times your risk. The chart above illustrates the first two requirements of the pattern. Once a trade is initiated using the engulfing candle strategy, place a stop-loss above the recent high for short positions, and below the recent low for long positions. Go down to a lower timeframe and time your entry there with a bullish engulfing candle.

The next step is to establish how to manage risk, i.e. where to hide our protective stop loss and when to exit the market. We have covered a lot of material in this lesson, so let’s finish up with some of the more important points to keep in mind when trading this pattern. A pullback should be composed of at least two price movements, indicating the price has actually corrected. Pullbacks may move in the opposite direction of the trend or may just move sideways.

Draw support and resistance levels

A bullish engulfing bar typically forms after an extended move down. It signals exhaustion in the market where sellers begin to book profits and buyers begin to take an interest, thus pushing prices higher. Summing up, it should be emphasized that the bullish engulfing refers to reversal patterns and warns traders about the growing bullish activity at the low of a downtrend. Let us look at a step-by-step plan to trade a bullish engulfing pattern. I will use the hourlyEURCAD price chart as an example of short-term trading.

We have mentioned that to avoid unnecessary risks, it’s important to use multiple indicators instead of relying on a single tech analysis tool. Using several indicators at once will decrease the probability of mistakes. But risk management is not the only reason why you should combine indicators.

In other words, it tells them that a reversal will start to happen. As mentioned above, a bullish engulfing pattern happens during a downtrend. It happens when a small bearish candlestick is completely covered by a bullish candle.

  • When you have identified a bullish engulfing pattern and entered a long trade, you should set a stop-loss order below the pattern or the support level.
  • A simple script to filter out bullish and bearish engulfing candles.
  • Since candlestick patterns are short term trading patterns, there are traders on daily and higher timeframes, who hold the stock or a forex pair only for the next 1 or 2 candles.
  • No representation is being made that any account will or is likely to achieve profit or losses similar to those shown.
  • It happens when a small bearish candlestick is completely covered by a bullish candle.

More conservative bullish engulfing strategyrs may wait until the following day, trading potential gains for greater certainty that a trend reversal has begun. This bullish engulfing candlestick acts as a temporary reversal of the downward price trend. This is also one of the trading setups that I suggest you avoid. The bullish engulfing candlestick reverses that trend, but only for a short time.

For this reason, candlestick patterns are a useful tool for gauging price movements on all time frames. While there are many candlestick patterns, there is one which is particularly useful… By looking at the USD/JPY chart below, we can see an example of a bearish reversal. The green candlestick signifies the last bullish day of a slow market upturn, while the red candlestick shows the start of a significant decline. This is because it shows what the minimum price someone is willing to accept in exchange for an asset at that given point in time.

Support and Resistance levels

According to the Japanese, when a bullish engulfing candle forms, the bears are usually immobilized and vice versa. Today, we will continue with this journey and cover engulfing patterns, which are easy to identify reversal patterns. Knowing how to identifying the strong patterns will help you determine who’s in control of the market. Traders may look at the trend, structure, or candlestick patterns to determine who has been more aggressive. Engulfing candlesticks are just one part of a technical analysis strategy. They are usually used alongside volume indicators – such as the RSI – that can show the strength of a trend.

  • For this reason, candlestick patterns are a useful tool for gauging price movements on all time frames.
  • That is, by determining the support and resistance levels, you can find more profitable entry and exit points while reducing risks.
  • By incorporating this pattern into their strategies, traders can potentially achieve their financial goals.
  • The body of a candlestick represents the open-to-close range of each trading period, which can range from a second to a month or more – depending on your chart settings.
  • The action you just performed triggered the security solution.

Bullish and bearish engulfing candlestick patterns have a unique set of pros and cons. A clearer and correct construction of the bullish engulfing pattern can be seen in the daily stock chart ofNetflix, Inc. Following a downtrend, the price starts turning up near a support level, having formed a series of bullish engulfing patterns.

In our example, the bullish engulfing is proven by technical indicators and two reversal candlesticks. A stop loss should be set beyond the support level, below the shadow of the engulfing candle. I emphasize that the bullish engulfing candlestick pattern belongs to the category of reversal patterns, thanks to which a trader can easily determine the pivot level.

When buyers begin to take an interest and push prices higher, it can indicate a shift in market sentiment. Bullish engulfing bars can be found on any time frame chart and can provide further confirmation for other bullish reversal signals such as ascending triangles and double bottoms. A bullish engulfing bar is a candle that signals a potential change in market direction from bearish to bullish.

bearish engulfing pattern

Your success will depend on the other rules you put in place. It’s called the Perfect Engulfing Cheat Sheetand will guide you through the process of identifying those candlesticks correctly. The key however, is that not all Engulfing Patterns are considered significant.

When trading the bearish engulfing pattern, it is crucial to be aware of these limitations because of the implications they have. When trading using this pattern, there are a few limitations that you should keep in mind. First, the signals are most useful following a clean upward price move.

The most profitable trades were opened at the middle value of DeMarker when trading “Engulfing Bar” during 2009 – 2020. A trader should place a buy order upon an Bullish Engulfing Bar pattern during a downtrend. A sell order should be placed upon Bearish Engulfing Bar pattern during an uptrend.